UK Risk Register Details for Cactodera cacti

Pest has been archived

This pest has been assessed for the Risk Register and is considered to pose a low risk to the UK. The information on this pest was correct as of 01/06/2020, but is no longer actively maintained. It will only be updated if new information is received which indicates the potential for a significant increase in risk to the UK.

This record was last updated on 09/07/2021

Common Names

  • Cactus cyst nematode
  • Eelworm, cactus cyst
  • Nematode, cactus cyst
  • Nematode, cactus root

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest spreads to maximum extent

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
This section is currently being developed as part of the next phase of the Risk Register.

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 5
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 2
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 2
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 10
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 20

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 5
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 2
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 2
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 10
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 20

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country / Territory Status Notes
Austria Present
Belgium Present
Croatia Present
Czech Republic Present
Denmark Present
France Present
Germany Present
Hungary Present
Italy Present
Kosovo Present
Malta Present
Netherlands Present
Poland Present
Romania Present
Russia Present
Serbia Present
Slovakia Present
Slovenia Present
Spain Present
Sweden Present
Switzerland Present
United Kingdom Present (Unknown Distribution)
North America
Canada Present
Mexico Present
United States Present
South America
Argentina Present
Brazil Present
Colombia Present
Australia Present
Algeria Present
China Present
India Present
Iran Present
Israel Present
Japan Present
Russia Present
Singapore Present
South Korea Present
Uzbekistan Present
Vietnam Present
Central America
Cuba Present

Type of Pest

  • Nematode (Tylenchida)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide


Major Hosts

  • Cactaceae
  • Cereus peruvianus (L.) Mill.
  • Echinopsis Zucc.
  • Epiphyllum Haw.
  • Erysimum L.
  • Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch
  • Ferocactus Britt. & Rose
  • Ficus L.
  • Ligustrum lucidum Ait.
  • Nopalxochia ackermannii (Haworth) F.Knuth
  • Opuntia microdasys (Lem.) Pfeiff.
  • Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw.
  • Saccharum officinarum L.
  • Schlumbergera Lem.
  • Schlumbergera truncata (Haw.) Moran

Threats to Protected Cultivation

  • Only protected crops

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

Further Information

PRA Availability

UK (1998)

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide

Not currently listed

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


No statutory action. Management by industry

General Comments

Nematode pest of cacti and some other hosts, already widespread in UK. Can have damaging impacts, but a matter for industry management.

Risk Records for this Pest