UK Risk Register Details for Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

Common Names

  • Pine wilt disease
  • Pine wood nematode

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest is introduced with vector (Monochamus)

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
This section is currently being developed as part of the next phase of the Risk Register.

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 4
Spread [1 - 5] 2
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 12
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 60

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest

EU regulated pest and emergency measures



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 2
Spread [1 - 5] 2
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 6
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 30

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country Status Notes
Europe Present
Spain See Notes Under erradication
United Kingdom Absent
Portugal Present
North America See Notes
Canada Present
Mexico Present
United States Present
South America See Notes
Asia Present
China Present
Japan Present
South Korea Present
Taiwan Present

Type of Pest

  • Nematode (Aphelenchida)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide


Major Hosts

  • Abies Miller
  • Cedrus Trew
  • Chamaecyparis Spach
  • Larix Mill.
  • Picea A.Dietr.
  • Pinus L.
  • Pinus densiflora Sieb. & Zucc.
  • Pinus thunbergii Parl.
  • Pseudotsuga Carr.

Threats to Protected Cultivation

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

  • Coniferous

Further Information

PRA Availability

EPPO (2009)

EU and EPPO Listing

EC IAII, Commission Decision 2002/887/EC and 2002/449/EC, Commission Implementing Decision 2012/535/EU, EPPO A2

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


FC to consider monitoring of material from ES and PT in light of recent interceptions by PL (2013)

General Comments

Nematode pest has caused extensive damage in Portugal and areas outside of Europe, EU project assessing risk of pest to northern Europe. Subject to EU emergency measures. Awareness raising needed wrt risk of entry via vectors that have been recently intercepted (May, June, 2013).

Risk Records for this Pest