UK Risk Register Details for Monilinia fructicola

Pest has been archived

This pest has been assessed for the Risk Register and is considered to pose a low risk to the UK. The information on this pest was correct as of 29/05/2020, but is no longer actively maintained. It will only be updated if new information is received which indicates the potential for a significant increase in risk to the UK.

This record was last updated on 29/05/2020

Common Names

  • American brown rot of stone fruits
  • Brown rot
  • Brown rot of apple
  • Brown rot of stone fruits
  • Twig canker of apple

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest is introduced

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
This section is currently being developed as part of the next phase of the Risk Register.

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 4
Spread [1 - 5] 3
Impact [1 - 5] 2
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 3
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 8
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 24

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 4
Spread [1 - 5] 3
Impact [1 - 5] 2
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 3
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 8
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 24

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country / Territory Status Notes
United Kingdom Absent
France Present
Germany Present
Hungary Present
Italy Present
Poland Present
Romania Present
Slovenia Present
Bulgaria Present
Serbia Present
Spain Present
Switzerland Present
Greece Present
Montenegro Present
North America Present
Canada Present
Mexico Present
United States Present
South America Present
Brazil Present
Peru Present
Paraguay Present
Chile Present
Ecuador Present
Bolivia Present
Argentina Present
Oceania Present
Australia Present
New Caledonia Present
New Zealand Present
Zimbabwe Present
Japan Present
Azerbaijan Present
China Present
India Present
South Korea Present
Taiwan Present
Yemen Present
Central America
Guatemala Present
Panama Present

Type of Pest

  • Fungus

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide


Major Hosts

  • Malus Mill.
  • Malus domestica Borkhausen
  • Prunus L.
  • Prunus armeniaca L.
  • Prunus avium ssp./var. avium L.
  • Prunus domestica ssp. domestica L.
  • Prunus mume Sieb. & Zucc.
  • Prunus persica Batsch
  • Pyrus L.
  • Pyrus pyraster Burgsd.

Threats to Protected Cultivation

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

Further Information

PRA Availability

EFSA (2011)

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide


Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


No statutory action against findings. To be managed by industry.

General Comments

Previously listed in legislation but now deregulated as pest is widespread in parts of Europe. Statutory control is unlikely to prevent further spread and it is unlikely to be any more damaging than the already established Monilinia spp.