UK Risk Register Details for Xiphinema californicum

This record was last updated on 16/11/2020

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest is introduced (with virus pathogen)

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (with soil)

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
This section is currently being developed as part of the next phase of the Risk Register.

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 3
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 3
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 9
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 27

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest

Regulated quarantine pest and prohibition of key pathway (soil)

Regulation

Surveillance

Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan

Awareness

Research

Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 2
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 3
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 6
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 18

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions

Regulation

Deregulation

Management By Industry

Targeted Survey

PRA

Contingency Plan

Publicity

Research

Distribution and Pest Details

Distribution

Country Status Notes
Europe
United Kingdom Absent
North America Present
United States Present (Limited)
Mexico Present
South America Present
Brazil Present
Chile Present
Peru Present

Type of Pest

  • Nematode (Dorylaimida)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide

Vitis, Zea mays, Rosa

Major Hosts

  • Abies concolor var. concolor (Gord. & Glend.)Lindl. Ex Hild.
  • Buphthalmum L.
  • Calocedrus Kurz
  • Canna L.
  • Cocos nucifera L.
  • Cupressus macnabiana Murr.
  • Cupressus macrocarpa Hartw.
  • Ipomoea batatas (L.) Poir./Lam.
  • Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little
  • Medicago sativa L.
  • Pelargonium L'Herit. Ex Ait.
  • Persea americana Mill.
  • Pinus attenuata Lemm.
  • Pinus coulteri D.Don
  • Pinus flexilis James
  • Pinus jeffreyi Grev. & Balf./Murr.
  • Pinus monophylla Torr. & Frem.
  • Pinus monticola Dougl. Ex D.Don
  • Pinus ponderosa Dougl. Ex P. & C.Laws.
  • Pinus radiata D.Don
  • Pinus sabiniana Dougl. Ex D.Don
  • Populus tremuloides Michx.
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirbel) Franco
  • Quercus kelloggii Newb.
  • Rosa L.
  • Salix lutea Nutt.
  • Sequoia sempervirens (D.Don) Endl.
  • Sorghum Moench
  • Vitis L.
  • Zea mays L.
  • Citrus

Threats to Protected Cultivation

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

Further Information

PRA Availability

PRA not available

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide

Regulated quarantine pest. EPPO A1

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide

Action

Statutory action against findings.

General Comments

Regulated nematode pest which is also a virus vector. There have been interceptions of this pest in the past. Listing and regulations on soil/growing material associated with planting material help to mitigate the risk of entry.

Risk Records for this Pest