UK Risk Register Details for Xiphinema californicum

This record was last updated on 16/11/2020

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest is introduced (with virus pathogen)

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (with soil)

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
This section is currently being developed as part of the next phase of the Risk Register.

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 3
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 3
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 9
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 27

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest

Regulated quarantine pest and prohibition of key pathway (soil)

Regulation

Surveillance

Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan

Awareness

Research

Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 2
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 3
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 6
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 18

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions

Regulation

Deregulation

Management By Industry

Targeted Survey

PRA

Contingency Plan

Publicity

Research

Distribution and Pest Details

Distribution

Country / Territory Status Notes
Europe
United Kingdom Absent
North America Present
United States Present (Limited)
Mexico Present
South America Present
Brazil Present
Chile Present
Peru Present

Type of Pest

  • Nematode (Dorylaimida)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide

Vitis, Zea mays, Rosa

Major Hosts

  • Abies concolor var. concolor (Gord. & Glend.)Lindl. Ex Hild.
  • Buphthalmum L.
  • Calocedrus Kurz
  • Canna L.
  • Cocos nucifera L.
  • Cupressus macnabiana Murr.
  • Cupressus macrocarpa Hartw.
  • Ipomoea batatas (L.) Poir./Lam.
  • Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little
  • Medicago sativa L.
  • Pelargonium L'Herit. Ex Ait.
  • Persea americana Mill.
  • Pinus attenuata Lemm.
  • Pinus coulteri D.Don
  • Pinus flexilis James
  • Pinus jeffreyi Grev. & Balf./Murr.
  • Pinus monophylla Torr. & Frem.
  • Pinus monticola Dougl. Ex D.Don
  • Pinus ponderosa Dougl. Ex P. & C.Laws.
  • Pinus radiata D.Don
  • Pinus sabiniana Dougl. Ex D.Don
  • Populus tremuloides Michx.
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirbel) Franco
  • Quercus kelloggii Newb.
  • Rosa L.
  • Salix lutea Nutt.
  • Sequoia sempervirens (D.Don) Endl.
  • Sorghum Moench
  • Vitis L.
  • Zea mays L.
  • Citrus

Threats to Protected Cultivation

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

Further Information

PRA Availability

PRA not available

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide

Regulated quarantine pest. EPPO A1

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide

Action

Statutory action against findings.

General Comments

Regulated nematode pest which is also a virus vector. There have been interceptions of this pest in the past. Listing and regulations on soil/growing material associated with planting material help to mitigate the risk of entry.

Risk Records for this Pest