Releasing a non-native invertebrate biological control agent against plant pests and invasive weeds

A licence is needed to release non-native invertebrate Biological Control agents in England and it is an offence under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 to do so without such a licence.

If you wish to apply for a new licence or renew an existing one please contact:

Matthew Everatt
Risk and Horizon Scanning Team
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Room 02FA01/05
National Agri-Food Innovation Campus
Sand Hutton
York
YO41 1LZ
Email:

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Applying for a licence in England

Applications can be submitted on the form provided below:

Non-native invertebrate biological control agents available for use in England and for which a licence is required (as of January 2016)

If you wish to use a biological control agent that does not appear in either list and you are not sure of whether it requires a licence, please contact the above address.

Species Family Organism type Target pest group(s)
Amblydromalus limonicus Phytoseiidae Predatory mite Thrips, whitefly
Amblyseius degenerans Phytoseiidae Predatory mite Thysanoptera
Amblyseius fallacis Phytoseiidae Predatory mite
Amblyseius montdorensis Phytoseiidae Predatory mite Thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) and whitefly (Aleyrodes spp., Bemisia tabaci, Trialeurodes spp.)
Amblyseius ovalis Phytoseiidae Predatory mite Whitefly (Aleyrodes spp., Bemisia tabaci, Trialeurodes spp.)
Amblyseius swirskii Phytoseiidae Predatory mite Bemisia tabaci, Frankliniella occidentalis, Trialeurodes vaporariorum
Anagyrus fusciventris Encyrtidae Parasitoid wasp Pseudococcidae
Aphalara itadari Aphalaridae Herbivore Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica)
Chilocorus nigrita Coccinellidae Predatory beetle Asterolecaniidae, Diaspididae
Delphastus catalinae Coccinellidae Predatory beetle Aleyrodidae (Bemisia tabaci, Trialeurodes vaporariorum)
Delphastus pusillus Coccinellidae Predatory beetle
Eretmocerus eremicus Aphelinidae Parasitoid wasp Bemisia tabaci
Euseius gallicus Phytoseiidae Predatory mite
Franklinothrips vespiformis Aeolothripidae Predatory thrips Thysanoptera
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Heterorhabditidae Parasitic nematode Vine weevils (Otiorhynchus spp.)
Heterorhabditis downesi Heterorhabditidae Parasitic nematode Root-eating pests
Leptomastix algirica Encyrtidae Parasitoid wasp Pseudococcidae
Macrolophus caliginosus Miridae Predatory bug Whitefly
Metaphycus flavus Encyrtidae Parasitoid wasp Coccidae
Metaseiulus occidentalis Phytoseiidae Predatory mite Tetranychidae
Neoseiulus californicus Phytoseiidae Predatory Mite Tetranychidae
Pseudaphycus maculipennis Encyrtidae Parasitoid wasp Pseudococcidae
Steinernema carpocapsae Steinernematidae pathogenic nematode Sciaridae, soil-borne insects, vine weevils (Otiorhynchus spp.)
Trichogramma brassicae Trichogrammatidae Egg parasitoid Lepidoptera (Ostrinia nubilalis)

Invertebrate biological control agents available for use in England and for which a licence is not required (as of January 2016)

If you wish to use a biological control agent that does not appear in either list and you are not sure of whether it requires a licence, please contact the above address.

Species Family Organism type Target pest group(s)
Adalia bipunctata Coccinellidae Predatory beetle Aphididae
Aleochara bilineata Staphylinidae Predatory beetle Delia antiqua, Delia radicum (= Delia brassicae)
Amblyseius andersoni Phytoseiidae Predatory mite Aculops lycopersicae, Aculus schlechtendali, Eriophyes canestrinii, Panonychus ulmi, Phytonemus pallidus, Polyphagotarsonemus latus, Tetranychus urticae, T. cinnabarinus
Anagyrus pesudococci Encyrtidae Parasitoid wasp
Anthocoris nemoralis Anthocoridae Predatory bug Psyllidae
Anthocoris nemorum Anthocoridae Predatory bug Cacopsylla pyri, thrips
Aphelinus abdominalis Aphelinidae Parasitoid wasp Aphididae (Aulacorthum solani, Macrosiphum euphorbiae)
Aphidius colemani Braconidae Parasitoid wasp Aphididae (Aphis gossypii, M. nicotianae, Myzus persimiliscae)
Aphidius ervi Braconidae Parasitoid wasp Aulacorthum solani, Macrosiphum euphorbiae
Aphidius matricariae Braconidae Parasitoid wasp Myzus persicae
Aphidoletes aphidimyza Cecidomyiidae Predatory midge Aphididae (Aphis gossypii, Aulacorthum sp., Macrosiphum sp., Myzus persicae)
Bracon hebetor Braconidae Parasitoid wasp
Chrysoperla carnea Chrysopidae Predatory lacewing Aphididae
Chrysoperla lucasina Chrysopidae Predatory lacewing Aphididae
Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Coccinellidae Predatory beetle Planococcus citri
Dacnusa sibirica Braconidae Parasitoid wasp Liriomyza bryoniae, L. huidobrensis and Chromatomyia syngenesiae
Dalotia (Atheta) coriaria Staphylinidae Predatory beetle Ephydridae (shore flies), Sciaridae (fungus gnats),
Diglyphus isaea Eulophidae Parasitoid wasp Agromyzidae (Liriomyza spp.)
Encarsia formosa Aphelinidae Parasitoid wasp Aleyrodidae (Bemisia tabaci, Trialeurodes)
Ephedrus cerasicola Braconidae Parasitoid wasp Aphididae
Episyrphus balteatus Syrphidae Predatory hoverfly Aphididae
Feltiella acarisuga Cecidomyiidae Predatory midge Tetranychus cinnabarinus, T. urticae
Leptomastix dactylopii Encyrtidae Parasitoid wasp Planococcus citri
Leptomastix epona Encyrtidae Parasitoid wasp Pseudococcidae (Pseudococcus viburni)
Macrocheles robustulus Macrochelidae Predatory mite Thysanoptera, Sciaridae
Macrolophus pygmaeus Miridae Predatory bug Aleyrodidae
Metaphycus helvolus Encyrtidae Parasitoid wasp Coccidae
Neoseiulus cucumeris Phytoseiidae Predatory mite Thysanoptera (Frankliniella occidentalis, Thrips tabaci)
Orius laevigatus Anthocoridae Predatory bug Thripidae (Frankliniella occidentalis, Thrips tabaci)
Orius majusculus Anthocoridae Predatory bug Thripidae (Frankliniella occidentalis, Thrips tabaci)
Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita Phasmarhabditidae Parasitic nematode Slugs
Praon volucre Braconidae Parasitoid wasp Aphididae
Phytoseiulus persimilis Phytoseiidae Predatory mite Tetranychidae (Tetranychus urticae)
Rhizobius lophantae Coccinellidae Predatory beetle
Rhizophagus grandis Rhizophagidae Predatory beetle Dendroctonus micans
Sphaerophoria ruepellii Syrphidae Predatory hoverfly
Steinernema feltiae Steinernematidae pathogenic nematode Melolonthidae, Sciaridae etc.
Steinernema kraussei Steinernematidae pathogenic nematode Otiorhynchus sulcatus
Stratiolaelaps scimitus (Hypoaspis miles) Laelapidae Predatory mite Fungus gnats (Bradysia spp.), Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis)
Trichogramma evanescens Trichogrammatidae Egg parasitoid Lepidoptera (including on stored products)

Licences in the Devolved Authorities

If you wish to apply for a licence in Scotland please email:

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If you wish to apply for a licence in Wales please email:

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