If you are interested in working for the National Bee Unit or for The Food and Environment Research Agency, please click here to view the latest vacancies.
The NBU office will be unmanned over the festive period.
As of Monday 23rd December there will be skeletal staffing until the New Year.
If you are unable to contact the NBU directly, for any urgent enquiry please contact the Defra Helpline on 08459 33 55 77 (Mon-Fri: 8am to 6pm).
Wishing you all a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year,
National Bee Unit
Beekeepers should remain vigilant throughout the winter and check the weight of their colonies. The mild weather conditions may have caused some colonies to remain quite active, consuming more winter stores than usual. As a result, there may be a risk that colonies will be running low on food stocks and so should be fed with bakers fondant (2.5kg/ colony). Wrap the fondant in plastic film (alternatively, mini plastic bags used to store loose fruit from the supermarket are perfectly acceptable and cost nothing). Monitor them every 2 weeks to see how much is consumed, feeding more fondant if needed. Make a hole in one side of the plastic and place over the feed-hole on the crown board, turning the crown board round if necessary so that the fondant is above the cluster.
For more information please refer to Best Practice Guideline Number 7 – ‘Feeding Bees - Sugar’ and check the emergency feeding section. The leaflet can be found from the following link:
The Asian hornet is a large wasp which is poised to invade Britain. If it gains a foothold it will be bad for honey bees, native insects and pose a threat to human health. August and September are the months when it is most likely to be seen. It is relatively easy to identify and also makes large distinctive nests (often high up in trees). The Government takes this issue seriously and has drawn up a plan to try to eradicate this species before it can establish in Britain. To do this, we need to find out immediately if it is spotted in this country. If you think you have seen this species please report your sighting straight away via the Alert system:
Asian Hornet Information page:
The issues we were previously experiencing with the beekeeper inspection entry pages of BeeBase have now been resolved. These problems were caused by an essential software update.
Please accept our apologies for any inconvenience this may have caused.
National Bee Unit
The results of the first Scottish bee health survey have been published. The survey, commissioned by the Scottish Government, was designed to assess the health status of honey bees in Scotland and gain a better understanding of how factors such as husbandry and disease affect them.
Click here to view the findings.
Due to an essential software update we are currently experiencing some issues with the beekeeper inspection entry pages of BeeBase; not accepting or saving entries made on the beekeeper record card.
This is under investigation by our IT department and we will advise when these have been resolved.
This does not affect general use of the website.
Please accept our apologies for any inconvenience this may cause.
Kind regards, NBU
Following our post about bee starvation and what looks to be another few weeks of terrible weather, it is advisable to start thinking about feeding your colonies some form of pollen substitute. By now the winter bees will have started to die off and the production of brood to replace these loses are important. However, without suitable protein and nectar, the development of brood will be damaged and in some instances may not happen at all.
It is always better to source a pollen substitute from a commercial/ equipment supplier because the consistency of the product will always be assured and they are specifically designed to help boost a colony. However, if you cannot source a pollen substitute it can be made up by mixing 3 parts (by weight) soybean flour, 1 part dried brewer’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and 1 part dry skimmed milk. Prepare a solution of 2 parts by volume of sugar to 1 part hot water.
Let the solution cool and mix one litre of this solution with 400 grams of the substitute. Form it into a cake and wrap in grease proof paper, if necessary they can be stored in a freezer. When using cut a small hole in the paper and place the package hole side down on the top bars over the cluster and preferably over open brood. The bees will tear the paper away and feed on the cake. It is important that the cake remains moist or bees will ignore it, so maintain the paper cover over the top or wrap it in several layers of cling film and pierce a hole big enough for the bees to get in and feed on it.
The amount fed is variable depending on the strength of the colony and external conditions. A small colony on three frames may only need 50 grams a week whilst a very strong colony may require more.
Maintain feeding substitutes until there is an adequate natural pollen crop as it may be detrimental to the colonies development to stop beforehand. This is because brood food production may be affected leading to the starvation of larvae.
Remember homemade pollen substitutes can be very variable in nutritional value due to the different ingredient brands. Generally it is better to obtain a commercial honeybee pollen substitute as the quality is assured.
Pollen substitutes must not be used if the colony is starving because it is more important to get feed into the colony rather than protein. One your hives have suitable food stores, you may then place a pollen pate on the top bars, if there isn’t already a natural source coming in.
Finally it is also worth noting that in some parts of the country, bees are still reluctant to take liquid syrup but will use invert syrups such as ambrosia. If you find that your bees are taking neither then stick to fondant until the weather warms up.
Beekeepers please remember that this is the time of year at which exotic species of predatory hornets will begin to emerge from hibernation and establish new colonies. The Asian hornet, Vespa velutina has increased it’s range in continental Europe and continues to pose a threat of arrival and potential establishment in the UK and we therefore need to keep it out. The message from the NBU is as follows:
• Monitoring for arrival of mated queens is strongly encouraged (NB. Southern coastal counties of England).
• Consider hanging hornet traps (See attached sheet about Asian hornet homade traps and baits.).
• Key message from NBU – Spring trapping works; at this time of the year, the queen hornet will be flying about in search of sugary substances to raise her energy levels after hibernation.
• Know how to recognise Asian hornets (See attached file How to identify an Asian hornet.).
• Know where to report sightings:
• Register on BeeBase.
Due to planned essential maintenance of Fera's websites, BeeBase will be unavailable for a period of time during the weekend of 30th - 31st March 2013.
Normal service will be resumed from the morning of Monday 1st April 2013.
March 2013 Starvation Risk. Important Information about Colony Food Levels.
With the continued poor weather looking to persist through to the end of March, colonies may be starting to run out of food (if they haven’t already). It would be advisable to check the food levels by opening the hive and making a very quick observation on their store levels. Key points to remember are:
• The colony may still have stores available which are at the other end of the brood chamber to the cluster of bees. If there are ‘empty’ frames between the two then the bees could still starve, despite food being in the chamber. Move the frames of food directly next to the outer frame where the cluster resides, ensuring that you score each frame of food (not excessively, but enough to stimulate feeding). Be sure not to knock or roll the bees when doing this and to be as quick as possible.
• If the colony has little or no frames of food then give them a block of candy or fondant. You want to aim for about 2.5 kg per hive and although this may seem to be a great expense, it is far less than the money you will have wasted should the bees die.
• Mini plastic bags that are used to store loose fruit in from the supermarket are perfectly acceptable for holding the fondant and cost nothing. Pack the candy in the bag and then pierce holes in the appropriate place once you get to the hive. If the bag seems fragile then you can double bag it (just be sure to pierce both bags).
• At this time of the year we would usually start feeding sugar syrup but with these temperatures it is still too cold. Place the fondant directly above the bees, turning the crownboard if necessary so that one of the porter bee escape holes is above the cluster.
Please be aware that this should be done as quickly and carefully as possible and although it may seem too cold to open the hive now, it is far better to do so knowing the bees are ok than not to and find later that they have died.
For more information please refer to Best Practice Guideline Number 7 – ‘Emergency Feeding’.
Due to planned maintenance of Fera's websites, BeeBase will be unavailable for a period of time during the weekend of 9th - 10th March 2013.
Normal service will be resumed from the morning of Monday 11th March 2013.
The National Bee Unit is pleased to announce that following interviews and testing of candidates at Sand Hutton, Mr Simon Jones has been appointed as Regional Bee Inspector (RBI) for the National Bee Unit's South Western England Region which covers the counties of Avon, Devon, Cornwall, Somerset and the Isles of Scilly.
Simon will replace Adam Vevers who has decided to take partial retirement although he will continue to work as a Seasonal Bee Inspector in Devon. Adam has been the Regional Bee Inspector for South Western England Region since 2006.
Simon’s handover and training with Andy Wattam – National Bee Inspector will commence on the 1st March 2013 with him taking over the management of the Region and its team of Seasonal Bee Inspectors from the 1st April 2013.
Simon lives in the village of Creech St Michael near Taunton in Somerset and has been a beekeeper for 26 years - much of that time spent keeping bees on a semi-commercial basis. He has worked as a Seasonal Bee Inspector in Eastern Somerset since 2009 and will be well known to many beekeepers in that area. As well as enjoying the practical side of beekeeping - Simon has also studied the BBKA modules becoming a Master Beekeeper in 2007 and he also attained the National Diploma in Beekeeping (NDB) in 2011. In addition to his own beekeeping Simon enjoys walking, cycling and growing his own fruit and vegetables.
Commenting on the appointment Simon said: "In my new post, I look forward to working with all of the beekeepers in the South Western England Region and continuing the excellent work done by Adam Vevers."
DEFRA has launched a public consultation on bee health following a review of its current policies on managing honey bee pests and diseases.
The review was undertaken by Defra and the Welsh Government, with the participation of representatives from commercial and amateur beekeeper associations, the Fera National Bee Unit, Fera Scientists and Economists and an independent scientist.
The consultation is seeking views on the proposals which emerged from the review.
The closing date for this consultation is the 9th March 2013.
For further information and how to respond, please click here: Improving honey bee health
To view the 'Boost for bee health' press release click here
We have received reports that a gentleman in his mid-fifties and claiming to be a Bee Inspector recently attempted to gain access to an out apiary in Nottinghamshire.
We would like to remind beekeepers that the Seasonal Bee Inspectors have now finished for the year and all contact with the Inspectorate until 1st April 2013 should be through the NBU office, National Bee Inspector or Regional Bee Inspector - see contacts page on BeeBase for details.
All Authorised Bee Inspectors carry photographic i.d. from the NBU and beekeepers and land owners should ask to see this if there is any doubt. The Inspector would not normally approach the landowner of an out apiary to inspect the bees unless the beekeeper couldn’t be traced and the apiary was in a disease risk area.
Researchers in Hawaii and the UK have reported that Varroa destructor, the parasitic mite of honey bees causes a honey bee virus called Deformed Wing Virus (DWV) to become more virulent within colonies, and may be contributing to the world-wide loss of millions of honey bee colonies.
The recent arrival and spread of the mite in Hawaii offered a unique opportunity during 2009 and 2010 to study the evolutionary change in the honey bee viruses. Researchers from Sheffield University, the Marine Biological Association, the Food and Environment Research Agency (Fera) and the University of Hawaii at Manoa showed how the Varroa mite caused a massive reduction in the numbers of different strains of DWV, until there was only one extremely virulent strain. The prevalence of this virulent strain increases from around 10% in Varroa free areas up to 100% in areas where Varroa is established.
The Varroa mite facilitates the spread of viruses by acting as a viral reservoir and incubator. It feeds on honey bees and their larvae, feeding on the ‘blood’ [haemolymph] of adult bees and reproducing within the developing brood. The impact of DWV and honey bee viruses on honey bee colonies is well known. The mite can spread several different viruses between honey bees and colonies and it is one of the biggest problems faced by today’s beekeepers. The information in the paper clearly shows the importance of monitoring and controlling varroa mite populations in colonies to below damage thresholds. This has always been the key to successful management of this parasite. For further details please see the FERA National Bee Unit publication Managing Varroa.
Honey bees are very economically important insects, providing over £400million per year in crop pollination services (together with other insect pollinators) and valuable hive products
The publication, "Global honey bee viral landscape altered by a parasitic mite" is published in Science.
Important Message About Bee Colony Food Levels:
With the continued spell of poor weather in many areas of the UK, reports are coming in from Regional and Seasonal Bee Inspectors of starving bee colonies, where the beekeeper is not aware that the bees are severely short of food, or the colony(s) have already starved to death.
Indications are that this current spell of unsettled weather will continue until the 19th June 2012 at the earliest.
Particularly at Risk:
Areas of special risk are:
What should Beekeepers do Right Now?
Further information and Guidance:
Further information on supplementary feeding can be found on Beebase – Best Practice Guideline Number 7 – ‘Emergency Feeding’: Feeding_Bees_No_7_June_2011
National Bee Inspector.
Head of Bee Health Field Inspection Service for England & Wales.
With the on-going poor weather, there is a real risk of bee colonies starving. Please check for stores in the colony and if in any doubt feed your bees. You should feed with either a fondant, a thin syrup or frames of honey stores if available.
Further information on feeding bees can be found in Best Practice Guideline No. 7, on the Advisory Leaflets page of BeeBase (click here).
From: Andy Wattam – National Bee Inspector
The National Bee Unit is pleased to announce that following interviews and practical testing of candidates at Sand Hutton it has appointed Charles Millar as Regional Bee Inspector (RBI) for the Western Region, this is with effect from 1 May 2012. The Western Region covers the English counties of: Avon, Cheshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire
Charles has been a Seasonal Bee Inspector in Western Region since 2009, covering Shropshire and Herefordshire and will take over from David Bonner who has been Acting Regional Bee Inspector since the retirement of David Sutton in 2011. David Bonner remains as Seasonal Bee Inspector for Leicestershire and Rutland. Between now and 1 June 2012 there will be a training, handing-over and transition period between David and Charles, alongside the National Bee Inspector Andy Wattam.
Charles hails from Glasgow and now lives in Church Stretton in Shropshire. He is a qualified accountant, and has worked in various roles in industry and commerce, including several years at Unilever, and at Coopers and Lybrand as a management consultant. Charles is married with three teenage children, and enjoys singing, cookery and DIY – in addition to caring for his own 20 colonies of bees.
Commenting on his appointment Charles said: “This is an exciting time for beekeepers and beekeeping, as the craft continues to enjoy a very high profile, while the challenges posed by diseases and pests are if anything increasing. I look forward to working with beekeepers, and with beekeeping associations and organisations, in the Western England Region to deliver the objectives of the Healthy Bees Plan, continuing the excellent work done by David Bonner and David Sutton.”
Vita (Europe) Ltd has assigned funds to progress the Varroa research already carried out by the University of Aberdeen and the National Bee Unit, part of the Food and Environment Research Agency, into ‘knock down’ genes in the parasitic mite.
Developed by the Food and Environment Research Agency (Bee Health Policy and the NBU), in consultation with Defra (Non Native Species Policy, and its Non Native Species Secretariat), the Response Plan was finalised in April 2012.
Its objectives are: Early detection, interception and prevention of establishment, nest destruction to eradicate localised outbreaks (if within a limited geographical area or areas), development of longer term management plans where eradication is no longer possible due to the extent and number of outbreaks, provision of advice to beekeepers and all other stakeholders.
Please visit the Asian hornet pages to read updated guidance for beekeepers, including information on early monitoring and trap design. You can also access the full Response Plan through these pages.
Fera has recently worked with bee suppliers to develop and agree best practice guidance for the sale of honey bee nuclei. The overall aim of the guidance is to reduce potential disease risks arising from these sales. A copy of this guidance is available below.
Sale of Honey Bee Nuclei Factsheet
As the season starts and the bees become active again it is important for beekeepers to carry out their first spring checks, with the aim of seeing how the colonies have overwintered and prepare them for the coming season.
This Best Practise Guideline, 'Spring Checks', provides guidance for beekeepers carrying out these checks.
For further Advisory Leaflets and Best Practise Guidelines click here
Following feedback, the radius of disease alert notification emails has been reduced from 5km to 3km.
This change is effective as of 11th January 2012, but will only become relevant once a new case of disease is found within 3km of your apiaries.
As the end of 2011 approaches, the National Bee Unit would like to wish everyone a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.
Please see attached, for the 2011 End of Year Report
We are very pleased that Barbara Morrissey has been awarded a BBSRC CASE studentship with industrial funding from Bee Disease Insurance Ltd (BDI) in order to study the Epidemiology of American Foulbrood (AFB). She will be jointly supervised by Dr. Giles Budge in Fera's National Bee Unit and Dr. Thorunn Helgason at the Department of Biology at the University of York. Barbara has already worked on molecular tools to identify strains of Paenibacillus larvae as part of her MRes at the University of York. This grounding will serve her well as she progresses into her PhD. Once strain types have been identified she will be able to link and track disease outbreaks leading to a better understanding of the spread and impact of this damaging bacterium.
The National Bee Unit is delighted that Ben Jones, who has worked at the NBU for five years has just started a PhD. He will be studying the effects of dietary pollen on the health and behaviour of honey bees. Ben will be jointly surpervised by Dr Giles Budge, the National Bee Unit's research coordinator and Dr James Cresswell at the University of Exeter.
Please see the below press release issued by the Scottish Government following the confirmation of American Foulbrood in Inverness.
Beekeepers are urged to check their hives and notify any suspicion of disease to BeesMailbox@scotland.gsi.gov.uk.
Please see the following advice note from National Bee Inspector Andy Wattam stressing the importance of keeping bees well fed.
Further advice can also be found in on our advisory pages.
The Regional Bee Inspector for Western Region David Sutton retired this week 5th of August 2011.
At present we are not able to advertise, and replace David Sutton on a permanent basis, so David Bonner, who is based in Warwickshire and has worked for the last few years as the Seasonal Bee Inspector for Leicestershire and Rutland, has agreed to become ‘Acting Regional Bee Inspector’ to ensure that there is continuity in the management of the Bee Health Inspection programme within the Western England Region, after David Sutton’s retirement. This situation will be reviewed during January 2012 at which time it is hoped that the post will be advertised and a permanent replacement recruited to the Western Regional Bee Inspector’s Post.
David Bonners telephone primary contact telephone number is:
07775 119434 until he has had a business telephone line installed, at which time that number will be put onto the contact page of Beebase.
His e-mail address is: firstname.lastname@example.org
All other contacts for Seasonal Bee Inspectors within the Region remain the same, as do, in the main, their working territories.
National Bee Unit
Please see the below press release issued by the Scottish Government following confirmation of a second American Foulbrood case in Perthshire, Scotland.
Press Release - AFB July 2011
Beekeepers are urged to check their hives and notify any suspicion of disease to BeesMailbox@scotland.gsi.gov.uk.
Please see the below press release following confirmation of an American Foulbrood outbreak in Perthshire, Scotland.
Press Release - AFB Outbreak June 2011
Beekeepers are urged to check their hives and notify any suspicion of disease to BeesMailbox@scotland.gsi.gov.uk.
With many beekeepers reporting the presence of large numbers of wasps in apiaries and around their bee hives, please see the following advice note for dealing with Wasps.
Advice Note - Wasps
With the recent weather we have been experiencing, please see the following note for advice on keeping your bees well fed.
Advice Note - Feeding Bees
More detailed guidance is also available in our Best Practice Guidelines.
Please follow the link to download our proposed action in the event of an introduction into England or Wales of an exotic pest or disease of honey bees.
Small Hive Beetle - what you need to know
The third issue of The Food and Environment Research Agency's new partner and customer newsletter - Solutions is available to download now.
Please use the following link to download the current edition of Solutions
The National Bee Unit and Aberdeen University have been collaborating on a potential new way to combat the varroa parasite in bees.
For further information please click on the links below.
BBC news item
Varroa (RNAi) Q&A
Part-funded by Fera as part of the Healthy Bees Plan, five new Short Courses have been developed by the National Diploma in Beekeeping (NDB) and will be rolled out during January to March 2011.
These 2-day courses are intended to provide in-depth knowledge and appropriate practical skills to enable beekeeper trainers to be more effective in their educational work within local associations. Full details of the courses available, locations and dates are available in the NDB Short Courses Application Pack.
All inquiries should be directed to Ken Basterfield, Course Director.
Small Hive Beetle has been confirmed on the large island of Hawaii by the Hawaiian Department of Agriculture.
Until further notice APHIS (The US Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) will not be issuing export health certificates for honey bees. A report of the Hawaiian apiary surveys is available on the OIE web site.
Please see the letters from the EU Commission for further details of this outbreak. The Commission is reviewing the derogation granted to the State of Hawaii to export bees to the EU.
June 28th 2010: The EU Commission has now suspended the derogation granted to the
State of Hawaii.
Imports into England and Wales:
All imports that have been received from Hawaii in 2010, have been checked and found to be clear.
The Small Hive Beetle is a statutory notifiable pest under UK and EU legislation, for further details please see the BeeBase advisory page and the new Small Hive Beetle brochure.
Bee Inspectors will be carrying out post-import inspections of a proportion of the apiaries in which colonies are headed by Hawaiian queens as a priority.
A summary of the risks to UK apiculture is available to read here. Situation Update 28th May 2010
Please see the USDA report of the Small hive beetle investigations in Hawaii.
27th September 2010: The EU Commission has now amended the Regulation which removes the derogation for Hawaii. To view the amendments, click here: Commission Regulation 810-2010
As more information becomes available we will update this news item.
As we approach the end of the summer season the National Bee Unit has created an advisory document: Preparing honey bee colonies for winter
We hope that this is of use to you as a beekeeper and the document will also be available on the BeeBase 'Advisory Leaflets' page for future reference.
Please send us your comments, as feedback is most welcome.
The government has today announced that 400 experts across England and Wales are to be trained to teach beekeepers good husbandry as part of a new project under the Government’s Healthy Bees Plan. It will be run in partnership by the British Beekeeping Association (BBKA) and National Diploma of Beekeeping Board (NDBB), and jointly funded by Defra.
For more information please see the document below.
Or visit Downing Street's website Number10.gov.uk, the official site of the Prime Minister's Office
We are once again conducting a national survey to obtain information on current honey bee husbandry practices. This is now the second year that we have carried out this survey and we intend to gather this data regularly to allow the monitoring of trends in UK beekeeping and to help with beekeeper training. The survey takes approximately 5-10 minutes to complete and will be of great value to beekeeping in the UK.We hope to get the best possible results out of this survey and to make this the most comprehensive survey of beekeeping practices ever completed in the UK. All your answers are strictly confidential and will only be used for the purposes of this study.
Please use the following link to complete the 2009/10 Bee Husbandry Survey.
Bee Husbandry Survey
Thank you to those who take the time to complete this survey.
The National Trust, jointly with BBC Local, have this year launched the 'Bee Part Of It' campaign.
The National Bee Unit, its inspectors and York staff have been assisting with various parts of this project, including BBC Radio and Television interviews across the country and providing advice and assistance on aspects of beekeeping.
A list of NBU contributions are as follows:
* NBU on The Politics Show for Yorkshire & Lincolnshire - available on BBC iPlayer here until Sunday 25th July 2010
* Ivor Flatman's report on his inspection at the National Trust's Longshaw Estate - available on BBC Local here
* Keith Morgan's inspection of a local Bee Farmer on BBC Look East
* NBU feature in BBC Look North news segment, a summary of which is available here
* Andy Wattam interviewed by BBC Radio Lincolnshire, broadcast August 2010, Interview & Images
* NBU on Radio 4 'On Your Farm'
To visit the National Trust 'Bee Part of It' campain page, click here
To see the BBC Press release on the campain, click here
The National Bee Unit was recently featured on the One Show (Tuesday 7th September) in a segment looking at how bees see in ultraviolet light.
Click here to go to BBC iPlayer - available until 7:30pm Tuesday 14 Sep 2010
The results from the study that Defra commissioned on beekeeping practices in early 2010 have been analysed and are now available.
Thank you to everyone who responded. The final report outlining the findings can be read here: A study of Beekeeping Practices in England and Wales 2010 - Summary
American Foulbrood found in West Lothian
An outbreak of American Foulbrood (AFB), a disease affecting honeybees, has been found in an apiary in West Lothian, Scotland.
The disease was discovered on July 16 by a Scottish Government Bee Inspector.
A 5km Infected Area has been declared around the apiary, located between Linlithgow and Kirkliston. The movement of bees and related equipment is prohibited, except under licence from the Scottish Government.
The infected area extends from the Forth in the north to Uphall and Broxburn in the south, and from Linlithgow in the west to between Winchburgh and Kirkliston in the east. Bee inspectors will be carrying out inspections on apiaries in the area in coming days.
Hives with AFB must be destroyed as this is the most effective known treatment. There are no risks to public health from AFB and no implications for the quality and safety of honey.
Beekeepers are urged to check their hives and notify any suspicion of disease to BeesMailbox@scotland.gsi.gov.uk.
Projects worth a total of up to £10M from the Insect Pollinators Initiative have been announced today (22 June 2010), during National Insect Week. These projects will explore the causes and consequences of threats to insect pollinators and ask questions about the decline of honeybees and other pollinating insects over recent years. The aim is to inform the development of mitigation strategies that will ensure that the pollination of agricultural and horticultural crops is protected and biodiversity in natural ecosystems is maintained.
The Insect Pollinators Initiative is a joint initiative from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the Natural Environment Research Council, The Scottish Government and the Wellcome Trust, and is funded under the auspices of the Living With Environmental Change partnership.
Fera is leading in one project 'Modelling systems for managing bee disease: the epidemiology of European foulbrood' in partnership with Dr Ed Feil at the University of Bath, Professor Stephen Rushton at Newcastle University and Professor Matt Keeling at the University of Warwick, and collaborating with other organisations in two other projects 'Sustainable pollination services for UK crops' lead by Dr Koos Biesmeijer at the University of Leeds and 'Linking agriculture and land use change to pollinator populations' lead by Professor Bill Kunin also at the University of Leeds.
Details of all the successful projects can be found here.
Articles in the press relating to the IPI Initiative can be found here:
We are happy to announce that as of 24th June 2010, Scottish beekeepers can register on BeeBase.
To register please click here.
For more details on the Scottish Government Bee Health Programme, please see here.
Scottish Government Press Release
To see key findings of a recently completed study into the pattern and spread of American Foulbrood (AFB) cases in England and Wales between 1994 and 2009, please click here: AFB Infection - analysis of spread and possible risk locations.
The study also looked for possible risk locations that may be consistently associated with AFB infection over time. This study was undertaken by the Food and Environment Research Agency and Newcastle University and the above Information Note explores the implications for bee health policy and the actions being taken in response to these findings.
Invitation to all Beekeepers in the Scottish Borders and Northern England - Cumbria BKA is holding a Disease Day on Saturday 19 June 2010 at Houghton Village Hall near Carlisle.
To book your place or for more information see our Training Events pages and view the calendar. Alternatively you can visit the Cumbria BKA website.
With a General Election now called by the Prime Minister, Fera, along with the rest of the Civil Service, moves into a period of restricted communications activity.
This will last until the election has been held and a new Government has been formed. During this time we will continue to carry out essential business, and will respond to any requests for factual information, but most other external communication activities including anything other than minor factual updates to our website, will be on hold.
Further information on the rules that the Ministers and the civil service will be following during this period can be found in the official guidance published by Cabinet Office on their website.
As part of the Healthy Bee Plan initiative, we are holding a free 'Healthy Bee Day'.
Location: Peterborough Regional College, Cambridgeshire, PE1 4DZ
Date: Sunday 28th March 2010.
Time: 09.30 - 16.30
Contents to include:
* Bee husbandry
* Apiary hygiene
* Routine apiary management
* Pest & Disease recognition and control
A Workshop on Minimising Colony Losses, will include lectures and breakout sessions and will cover Bee Husbandry, Disease Identification, Varroa Management and Hygiene Issues. Practical actions to minimise losses will be discussed.
For more details or to book a place please contact Eastern Regional Bee Inspector Keith Morgan on 01485 520838 and email email@example.com or Extension and Learning Officer Ian Homer on 01308 482161 and email firstname.lastname@example.org
The role of the Communications Working Group is to develop and implement a jointly owned and coordinated communications strategy to help deliver the policy objectives of the Healthy Bees Plan.
To view the Summary notes from 1st Meeting of the Group, click here Communications Working Group - 1st meeting - 26.10.09
To view the Summary notes from 2nd Meeting of the Group, click here Communications Working Group - 2nd meeting - 14.12.09
The Board will guide the work by interested parties to deliver the desired outcomes in the Plan ie, more effective management of pests and diseases, improved husbandry standards through a coordinated beekeeper learning programme, effective biosecurity to minimise risks from pests, diseases and undesirable species, sound science and evidence to underpin bee health policy and its implementation, and coordinated communications planning to optimise opportunities to engage effectively with beekeepers.
To view the minutes of the first meeting on 23rd July 2009, click here Minutes of the Healthy Bees Plan Project Management Board 1st Meeting 23.07.09
To view the minutes from the second meeting on 8th September 2009, click here Minutes of the Healthy Bees Plan Project Management Board 2nd Meeting 08.09.09
To view the minutes from the second meeting on 13th October 2009, click here Minutes of the Healthy Bees Plan Project Management Board 3rd Meeting 13.10.09
To view the minutes from the second meeting on 10th December 2009, click here Minutes of the Healthy Bees Plan Project Management Board 4th Meeting 10.12.09
Historically colony losses have fluctuated greatly in the UK, with severe weather increasing colony losses. However, the last 9 years have seen a trend of slowly rising colony losses. The NBU responded by securing funding to investigate all reported abnormal colony losses. For a summary of our findings click here: Colony losses summary 2010
As part of the Healthy Bee Plan initiative, we are holding a free 'Healthy Bee Day' at Fera, York on Saturday 6th March 2010. For details, click here: Healthy Bee Day Feb 2010
Please note the 2nd quarterly newsletter on the Healthy Bees Plan is now available. Much has been done since the last newsletter, including the setting up of the working groups for the Science and Evidence and Education and Husbandry workstreams. Also four pilot roadshows are to be held in February and March, details of which are in the newsletter - 2nd Quarterly Newsletter
To view the previous Quarter's Newsletter click here - Healthy Bees Plan - Quarterly Newsletter (October)
BeeBase has won the prestigious Whitehall and Westminster World Civil Service Award for Knowledge Management and Analysis. The team from Fera, one of only three short listed from across the Civil Service, were chosen for their innovative work on BeeBase, the live on-line database used by beekeepers and The National Bee Unit (NBU) to manage valuable data and information on bee health across England and Wales.
Fera is the home of the NBU, which delivers the Bee Health Programmes on behalf of the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) in England & Wales.
For more information on the award, click here
To see local press article, click here
Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology
Many plants, including crops, depend on insects to transfer pollen between flowers. Maintaining enough insect pollinators is therefore vital for biodiversity and a diverse food supply. Declines in pollinators, particularly in Europe and the USA, have provoked claims of a global pollination crisis. This POSTnote examines the risks of pollinator decline for the UK and explores strategies to provide stable pollination services into the future: Insect Pollination - Jan 2010
For more information on the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology please visit the website: POST
All Media or Press enquiries should be made via the Defra Press Office on Tel: 0207 238 6027.
Clarification on issues being raised by some local beekeeping associations following the recent letter from the Chair of the Healthy Bees Project Management Board to local associations in England and Wales inviting nominations to take up the City and Guilds train the trainer course. This is a key part of the first phase of the husbandry and education programme, as agreed by the Project Management Board; nominated beekeepers will be funded by the Healthy Bees Plan.
1) The Healthy Bees Project Management Board (includes, BFA, WBKA, WAG, NFU and amateur beekeepers) has endorsed this invitation to beekeeping associations in England and Wales, with the aim of improving teaching skills of trainers/beekeeper who train other beekeepers. The main purpose of seeking to improve teaching skills is to make sure that training courses for beekeepers are effective learning sessions (for the sake of bee health). Our focus is on improving the health of bees, building on local associations' educational activities, nothing more sinister than that!
2) There is no intention to require that anyone who trains beekeepers to hold this City and Guilds qualification before they would be 'allowed' to train beekeepers. We are simply trying to improve teaching skills to a recognised national standard in as many trainers of beekeepers as possible, as a first step towards raising beekeeping standards.
3) The invitation letter does mention the Healthy Bees Plan and 'we would expect those who take up this offer to be committed to the Plan's aims and objectives, and ideally to be registered on BeeBase, given its importance as a resource for beekeepers and for diseases control.' This is of course the ideal situation. We wouldn't want anyone trained under this scheme as part of the Healthy Bees Plan (and funded by the public purse) to be unsupportive of the Plan's aims and objectives and/or of BeeBase. We are not specifically asking for people to 'pledge support' for the Plan and welcome constructive input to its implementation.
Download the scientific report submitted to EFSA: Bee Mortality and Bee Surveillance In Europe
The NBU would like to thank all those who took the time to complete our husbandry survey. In total, we had over 1600 responses, which is a brilliant effort.
The results will be published over the winter, so watch this space!
Thanks again for your time
National Bee Unit
Beebase has now made the move to Fera. Please update your bookmarks to: http://beebase.fera.defra.gov.uk
This Brief has been developed and agreed by the Project Management Board for the purpose of defining the implementation project for the Healthy Bees Plan. It forms the basis for managing and delivering the detailed work of implementation and assessment of its success. It will act as a source document against which Defra, WAG, Fera and stakeholders can review priorities and assess progress on delivery.
To view the Healthy Bees Plan Implementation Brief, click here Healthy Bees Plan Implementation Brief
To view the letter from Adrian Belton, Fera CEO, to the British Beekeepers Association in response to their withdrawal from the Healthy Bees Plan Project Management Board, click here Letter to Tim Lovett
To view the letter from British Beekeepers Association President Tim Lovett to Adrian Belton, Fera's Chief Executive, regarding BBKA withdrawal from the Healthy Bees Plan Project Management Board, click here BBKA Letter to Adrian Belton 9th Sept 09
To view the letter, click here Letter from Fera CEO to beekeeping associations
To use the varroa calculator, click here.
A comprehensive apiary survey is underway to answer the followiing question. "What is the prevalence of bee pests and diseases in England and Wales?" Details are included in the document below.
Random Apiary Survey
This work links into the ten year Healthy Bees plan to Protect and Improve the Health of honey bees in England and Wales.
Ten Year Plan
Letter to beekeepers
Ed Haynes who recently completed a Biological Sciences degree at Oxford will be starting this PhD in the autumn of 2009. Please find more details on this BBSRC-CASE studenship jointly between Bee Disease Insurance (BDI), the Food and Environment Research Agency (Fera) and the Department of Biology at York University.
The National Bee Unit has recently appointed Andy Wattam as National Bee Inspector with overall managerial responsibility for the Field Operations Work of the NBU’s Bee Health Inspection and Advisory Service. He has been Regional Bee Inspector for the Eastern England Region since 2005, and prior to that was a Seasonal Bee Inspector in Leicestershire & Rutland. Andy will take over from Richard Ball who is retiring from the post. Between now and the 1st July 2009 there will be a handing-over and transition period between Richard and Andy. Andy who is 39 was born into a farming family in the Charnwood Forest area of North West Leicestershire, and now lives in Lincolnshire with his wife Jane and Labrador ‘Digby’. Prior to joining the National Bee Unit, Andy had worked for over seventeen years with Leicestershire Fire and Rescue Service, latterly working in a senior management position. He holds a Post Graduate Management Qualification and is a member of the Chartered Management Institute. In his spare time Andy enjoys spending time with his family, the countryside, gardening, D.I.Y and is a keen pianist, and of course working with his own 40 colonies of Bees. Commenting on his appointment Andy said; “This is an exciting time for beekeepers and beekeeping and I look forward as the National Bee Inspector to continuing the excellent work which has been done by Richard Ball, working with the whole of the integrated National Bee Unit and its established team of Regional and Seasonal Bee Inspectors and with Beekeeping Associations and Organisations, to achieve our joint aims and plans for Bee Health & Husbandry”
Hilary Benn, the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs recently announced new resources for the Bee Health Programme to fund the implementation of the Healthy Bees Plan.
For more information please see the link below to the Defra website.
A new route to PhD funding has been tapped by the University of Sheffield in collaboration with The Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA) National Bee Unit and beekeepers in Eastern region.
The PhD will be looking at the chemical recognition pathways between the Varroa mite and the honey bee. It will also include work looking at how viruses may affect these pathways and how Varroa may have changed the honey bee virus landscape in the UK.
Dr Giles Budge, research coordinator of the National Bee Unit is a supervisor in the project, adding value to the studentship and helping Dr Stephen Martin at Sheffield with the science. FERA will be hosting the student to assist with their studies, and in particular with sample collection and molecular characterisation of viruses.
The results of pathogen screening of samples collected and submitted to the laboratory in 2008 are now available on BeeBase. Beekeepers can log in to BeeBase to see the results of any samples taken from their own apiaries.
There are a number of Seasonal Bee Inspector vacancies to fill at the National Bee Unit. Please see the advertisement for further details. Seasonal Bee Inspector Vacancies
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has commissioned a research project to a consortium of European scientific institutes which includes the Central Science Laboratory National Bee Unit to study the causes of increased losses of honey bees in Europe. For more details see the link below
The liink below is a summary reports for a recent outbreak of the small hive beetle in Quebec Canada.
Under the Weeds Act 1959 the Secretary of State may serve an enforcement notice on the occupier of land on which injurious weeds are growing, requiring the occupier to take action to prevent the spread of injurious weeds. The Weeds Act specifies five injurious weeds: Common Ragwort, Spear Thistle, Creeping of Field Thistle, Broad leaved Dock and Curled Dock. Defra works with individuals and a wide range of rural organisations to control the spread of these five weeds. For more information please see here.
Food Standards Agency Commissioned Research project
A summary of a research project T01037: Collection and analysis of honey samples potentially contaminated with pyrrolizidine alkaloids from ragwort and borage and assessment of the stability of these compounds during storage of honey has been published on the Food Standards Agency website.
We are aware that concern has been raised about the possible effects of residues
of neonicotinoid pesticides in the sugar used to feed our bees.
As one of the ways we feed our own 100+ colonies at the NBU is with sugar syrup
by the ton made up from refined UK-grown sugar, we have contacted British Sugar
to clarify the position. British Sugar has confirmed that UK sugar beet is not sprayed
with any neonicotinoid pesticide and none are approved for such use.
Although Neonicotinoid pesticides are approved for use in the protective seed coating
used to aid plant germination and early growth, the coating degrades naturally in the soil
and the beet plant, and is inactive by May when the plant becomes established.
Home produced sugar is subject to a comprehensive residue testing programme and
no neonicotinoid pesticides have been detected in British sugar.
Home produced beet sugar poses no risk to bees and the NBU will continue to use
refined UK grown beet sugar to feed our colonies and hope that this will allay
beekeepers’ concerns. It is important that beekeepers ensure that their colonies have
enough food reserves for the winter particulary with the second poor beekeeping season on the trot. Feeding sugar syrup is a very effective and safe method. There is an article on feeding bees well wroth the read in the September 2008 issue of Bee Craft.
NBU October 2008
<a href="http://www.surveymonkey.com/s.aspx?sm=AhlLW6hPS_2fKrfV3Y2n38zg_3d_3d%22%3EClick" title="National Audit Office Bee Health Programme Survey">
The National Audit Office is undertaking a Value for Money study into how the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is working to safeguard the health of honeybees in the United Kingdom.
So the NAO can take into account the views and experiences of beekeepers in England and Wales (where the Defra-sponsored National Bee Unit operates) they are asking beekeepers to complete a short survey.
The survey should take around 15 minutes to complete.
All surveys should be completed by 5 September 2008.
Please Note: All information received will be used solely for the purpose of informing the NAO study and will not be passed on to third parties.
Please use the link below to complete this survey.
National Audit Office Bee Health Survey
Follow this link to see a Yorkshire Post article and film about current threats to honey bee colonies including Varroa and Nosema ceranae.
Defra and the Welsh Assembly Government have today (23/04/2008) launched a joint consultation strategy to improve and protect honey bee health.
For more information please see the link below:
DEFRA and WAG Bee Health Strategy Consultation
Please see the below link for an additional information note on the recently released Bee Health Strategy Consultation Document. (added on 15/05/2008).
Please click on the adjacent link for information on each of the below topics.
Assessing the Effectiveness of 'Shook Swarm' as a
Husbandry Method for the Control of European Foul
Brood in the UK: 1st Year Summary Document 1
Research on the Small Hive Beetle, Aethina tumida at
the Central Science Laboratory Document 2
Investigating Abnormal Colony Losses in the UK Colony losses 2007
Nosema: The Current Situation Document 4
Investigating the Taxonomy of UK Honey Bee Viruses:
A Molecular Approach Document 5
Paenibacillus larvae, Honey Bee Pathogen:
What We Know So Far Document 6
The National Bee unit will be hosting and delivering training for the advanced National Diploma in Beekeeping (NDB) course in early July. Queen rearing and colony management will be major features of the week long course.
Queen Rearing 1
Queen Rearing 2
Queen Rearing 3
Queen Rearing 4
Introducing a queen cell
Photographs copyright Central Science Laboratory.
For more details of the NDB
The links to the current and historical National Bee Unit research and development projects housed on the Defra Science Pages are currently unavailable. We apologise for any inconvenience but if you wish to access this information it is available through the Defra web pages via the link below. [Just put the search term or project number (eg PH0502) into the box]
Research and Development Search Pages
Horizon Scanning Project Investigation into abnormal colony losses in England and Wales
Honeybees are a vital component of the pollination process of both agricultural and horticultural crops as well as wild flowers and their contribution (Ecosystem services) to maintaining the environment and biodiversity is almost incalculable. Beekeepers across North America and Europe have reported increased, and often sudden losses of honeybee colonies in recent years. The term colony collapse disorder (CCD) has been assigned by US scientists to describe this phenomenon, (Mid Atlantic Apiculture research and Extension Consortium (MAAREC). There are a number of clear signs that are reported to distinguish this disorder from those associated with heavy Varroa infestation. They include the almost complete absence of adult bees with apparently healthy capped brood and stores present in the colony, which are robbed out or consumed by secondary invaders as per the norm. Across Europe Varroa has had the major impact on colony loss but other pathogens, pesticides, bee nutrition, colony management by the beekeeper have also been suggested. In the UK the levels of colony loss have increased since 2001 with the first confirmed cases of Varroa resistance to the highly efficient pyrethroid based medicines used against the mites. As a consequence despite using alternative substances and methods beekeepers are encountering difficulties controlling Varroa and it is still the number one management problem affecting most UK beekeepers.
Under the Department for Environment Rural Affairs (Defra) Horizon Scanning programme (funding designed as the name suggests to investigate phenomena or threats with the potential to arrive in the UK) the CSL National Bee Unit is investigating the causes of the increased colony mortality in England and Wales. So far the NBU has collected over 400 samples from apiaries in England and Wales where significant colony losses have occurred. Samples if available of: adult bees, brood, debris comb wax and debris samples have been collected. These are being screened for a comprehensive range of known pests and pathogens using both molecular methods in the CSL Molecular Technology Unit (MTU) and traditional laboratory diagnostic methods. Samples have also been collected from apparently healthy colonies, which will provide important comparisons. Inspectors have noted colony condition at the time of sampling and have attempted to record details about pest and disease management approaches including Varroa treatments used by the beekeeper. The hive samples will also be screened for a wide range of pesticides and veterinary medicines (N >250) using mass spectrometry. Please get in touch with NBU at York or your NBU Regional Bee Inspector if you are experiencing serious loss of bees in your apiaries. We will provide sampling tubes and instructions. Samples should be sent to the NBU laboratory at York.
This work is not a diagnostic service but a research project and dealing the high level of samples will inevitably take some time. However, as the results from this project come on stream we will endeavour to post summaries on BeeBase so please check the website for details.
CSL National Bee Unit
The attached document should be read in conjunction with the above information.
Horizon Scanning Project: Letter to Beekeepers
Nosema ceranae was confirmed in UK samples in November 2007. Please see the article below for more details.
Bee Craft Article (Published: Jan 2008)
Please Note: The NBU are continuing to screen for Nosema ceranae across England and Wales, therefore details of the known distribution are likely to change as more samples are tested.
Defra, the Welsh Assembly and the CSL are well aware of the serious colony loss affecting many beekeepers in the USA. Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD, previously known as Fall Dwindle Disease and by other names) is of increasing concern in the USA, where reports of the disorder have been made from at least 24 states.
It appears to be affecting commercial migratory beekeepers in particular. Signs of CCD appear to be the total collapse of bee colonies, with a complete absence of bees or only a few remaining in the hive. These are not unlike the signs of colony demise associated with heavy varroa infestation sometimes seen in the UK. Bee scientists in the USA are working to find the cause, but while factors such as poor nutrition, disease levels, stress from long distance transport of colonies for pollination of crops, and antibiotic use all seem common features, no specific cause has yet been isolated. Other factors such as pesticide use and toxins found in some plant pollens are being considered, as well as the feeding of High Fructose Corn Syrup and beekeepers’ ability to detect and identify pest and disease problems.
Because of their vital pollination function, the loss of bees in the USA is raising serious concerns about the impact on agricultural and horticultural production, potentially leading once again to the requirement to import package bees from outside the USA, e.g. from Australia, for the pollination of California almonds.
For more details of the disorder and the results of the investigations as and when they are produced please see the direct link from BeeBase to the Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium (MAAREC) website and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) website.
MAAREC Website Link
United States Department of Agriculture- Agricultural Research Service Link
Due to the changes in Royal Mail postal prices, please use the following link to ensure you have the correct postage for the size and weight of your sample or correspondence before sending to the National Bee Unit.
Royal Mail Postal Prices
Due to the Foot and Mouth Outbreak confirmed in Surrey, National Bee Unit Inspectors will not be carrying out inspections on any farms or surrounding farmland until the situation has been resolved.
Statutory apiary inspections in towns and urban areas will continue as normal.
Any beekeepers requiring further information should contact the NBU office on 01904 462510 or their local bee inspector.
Please see the link below on the work of Dr. Robert Kajobe as he visited CSL for six weeks to look at and learn more about the state of the art molecular analysis techniques used routinely by the National Bee Unit.
Dr. Robert Kajobe
Click here to view details of a PhD studentship available at Central Science Laboratory investigating the epidemiology of honeybee viruses.
Please see the link below for the most recent press release from the Hawaiian Department of Agriculture regarding varroa in Hawaii.
Hawaiian Department of Agriculture Press Release
Following the recent events in America regarding colony collapse of honey bees, please see the below link for more information:
Mid Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium
Please see the below link regarding recent hornet swarms in France that entomologists fear could reach Britain:
Following the Annual Bee Meeting held at CSL on 5th December the minutes are now available to view.
Please click here for more details
The GB Invasive Non-native Species Framework Strategy is intended to provide a strategic framework within which the actions of government departments, their related bodies and key stakeholders can be better co-ordinated. Its overall aim is to minimise the risks posed, and reduce the negative impacts caused, by invasive non-native species in Great Britain. This draft strategy has been produced by a working group consisting of key stakeholders from industry, Non Governmental Organisations and government. This public consultation is intended to canvass a broad spectrum of views on this large and complex subject.
To view more details please click here
The new web based beekeeper database and information resource 'BeeBase online' went live at the beginning of April 2006. The project, financed under the Defra Challenge fund produced a centralised web based information warehouse and management system on all regulatory aspects of apiculture, including bee health, disease incidence and control. It will include research data, general reports and interactive maps of disease incidence/spread for use across all of the Defra Divisions whose work impinges on bee health and for beekeeping industry stakeholders. Once completed, bee inspectors and beekeepers alike will be able to down load from the site certain levels of information relating to pest and disease control and other areas of the NBU's bee health work. Up to date research findings will also be posted at regular intervals on the website. We would appreciate comments and feedback on how to improve BeeBase. We have already had some good feedback and suggestions so please continue to contact the webmaster with ideas.
New Statutory Instrument
The new Bee Diseases and Pests Control (England) Order 2006 came into force in March 2006 (SI No. 342). Legislation will shortly be introduces in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The legislation implements post imports controls specified in Commission Decision 2003/881/EC, and provides a legislative framework for control of two exotic threats to honey bees, the small hive beetle (Aethina tumida) and Tropilaelaps spp. mites. Both are notifiable throughout the European Union. For more details on this legislation, click here.
New Policy Division
From April 2006, bee health policy has a new home in Defra: Plant Health Division, which is based in York. For more information on the range of responsibilities of the division please visit their website by clicking here and here.
The National Bee Unit has recently appointed Andy Wattam as Regional Bee Inspector for its Eastern Region, which covers the counties of Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, Bedfordshire, Essex and Hertfordshire. Andy will take up the post from the beginning of February 2005. Andy is 35 and was born into a farming family in the Charnwood Forest area of North West Leicestershire. He now lives in North Eastern Leicestershire with his partner Jane and joins the National Bee Unit team after seventeen years with Leicestershire Fire and Rescue Service, latterly working in a senior management position. He has a Post Graduate Management Qualification and is a member of the Chartered Institute of Management. Andy has also been working as the NBU Seasonal Bee Inspector for Leicestershire and Rutland and has been involved in Beekeeping since his school teacher introduced him to the craft back in 1984. In his spare time Andy enjoys spending time with his family, the countryside, gardening, D.I.Y and is a keen pianist, and of course working with his own colonies of Bees. Commenting on his appointment Andy said;
The small hive beetle (Aethina tumida), commonly known as the SHB is a serious threat to both UK and European Apiculture. The beetle is indigenous to Africa, but has recently spread to the USA and Australia where it has caused serious economic damage to their beekeeping industries.
The SHB has this month been intercepted in an unauthorised consignment of queen bees imported into Portugal from Texas. Positive confirmation was made through laboratory diagnosis at the Border Inspection Post (BIP) on two suspect larvae detected in the queen cages. As an additional precaution the Portuguese Veterinary Authorities took rapid action to isolate the apiaries, destroy all colonies into which the queens were introduced, destroy all associated beekeeeping equipment and treat the soil with an appropriate pesticide.
In 2003, the EC raised the profile of bee health following pressure by Member States, particularly the UK, to counter the serious threat to EU apiculture from two exotic bee pests, the small hive beetle and the Asian bee mites called tropilaelaps. Both pests have since been made notifiable throughout the Community.
Under EU import legislation imports of honeybees from the United States are not permitted into the EU. Details of the legislation can be obtained from the Defra bee health web pages
The National Bee Unit, based at CSL, delivers the bee health programme in England and Wales on behalf of Defra and the Welsh Assembly. The NBU is developing contingency plans and surveillance as part of its emergency preparedness to tackle these new threats.
The advisory leaflets on the small hive beetle can be downloaded here